How do I dare say this about the greatest teacher who ever lived?
I wouldn’t have applied for the job of Socrates, Two, if he hadn’t overlooked this subject.
In his defense, he didn’t so much as overlook it as have a much larger issue to deal with first: teaching us how to learn about the natural world. The Golden age of Greece had great insights, but they weren’t insightful enough to invent and use engines, electricity, and airplanes.
Socrates gave us the tools necessary to learn about the natural world. That learning gave us the tools needed to start the scientific and industrial revolutions. Those revolutions gave us engines, electricity, and airplanes. That’s how deep his teaching went. Not bad.
The problem he avoided was behavior. Socrates left it off the table. By doing that, he was implicitly teaching that our behavior was something beyond nature, something we couldn’t study using the tools of logic and measurement.
You heard it right. I who never swear said this in the strongest, most emphatic terms I can imagine.
Behavior is natural. We have tools to study natural phenomena. If we don’t study behavior, humanity is doomed. And here is the final shocker.
Socrates knew this.
He had many things to teach. A good teacher only teaches one thing at a time. A good teacher only teaches as fast as his students can absorb that knowledge. Socrates was a good teacher.
Socrates knew his students believed in Gods. He knew society was very protective of their gods. And the gods were a very popular cause of behavior. Much craziness was sourced directly to those denizens of Olympus.
If Socrates interfered with the gods, it meant he couldn’t teach them about the rest of the natural world. So he stayed away from behavior.
Socrates knew that a true study of behavior as a property of nature would also mean denial of gods, any gods. He also knew his students weren’t ready for that.
Most modern people still aren’t ready. Here we are, almost 2500 years later and it’s hard to go anywhere in this world without bumping into someone’s god.
That was Socrates’s mistake, an intentional one. For if we are to truly study behavior in a scientific manner, we must consider ourselves part of the natural world. We must deny the supernatural in all its forms.
After all, if there are deities that control everything including our fates, then what’s the point?
Putting it another way: You got God? Party time!