Hello Curious Friend. Welcome to my book about Hate. The number tells you where you are in the sequence. I look forward to your comments.
There is a general conception among biologists, and business people as well, that everything exists for a reason. Therefore, in the case of hate, not only is there a cost, but possibly there also exists a benefit, somewhere.
If so, what are the benefits of hate? Can we put a dollar figure on them? Are the costs and benefits distributed equally throughout society?
One of the benefits of looking at hate from the perspective of biologists is that they have a very long and practical approach toward all animal behavior. For example, we are animals, and we are capable of hate.
So are any other animals capable of hate? Are primates that kill another primate’s offspring exhibiting hate? What about our more distant relatives in the animal kingdom, like squirrels, rabbits, or mice?
How about frogs or fish? Trees, moss? The lowly amoeba? Imagine a hateful amoeba!
When did hate first appear in man? Was it something that evolutionary forces put into our genes to enable us to have meatier diets and bigger brains? Or is it a more recent phenomenon, a genetic adaptation that came along with agriculture and cities 10,000 years ago?
Biologically speaking, nothing bad exists. If any trait doesn’t give an organism reproductive benefits, that trait will eventually be selected out from the population. That’s why we don’t see fish with anchors. It’s possible such a species existed at one time. But try to swim away from a predator while carrying an anchor, and poof! there goes your species.
Therefore it would seem that the capacity for hate must have some positive effects. If so, what are they? Whom exactly do they benefit, and can we measure the strength of that benefit?
Conversely, if there are no benefits from hate, how quickly is it being selected out of our population?
To be continued …